我们在搭建网站时,为了方便管理,常常会选用PHP+MySQL这种架构,Web引擎可选择Apache或是Nginx。今天杜老师说一下,选择Nginx时,主配置文件和站点配置文件如何改写!

Nginx主配置文件

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user  www www;
worker_processes auto;
error_log /www/wwwlogs/nginx_error.log crit;
pid /www/server/nginx/logs/nginx.pid;
worker_rlimit_nofile 51200;
events
{
use epoll;
worker_connections 51200;
multi_accept on;
}
http
{
include mime.types;
include proxy.conf;
default_type application/octet-stream;
server_names_hash_bucket_size 512;
client_header_buffer_size 32k;
large_client_header_buffers 4 32k;
client_max_body_size 50m;
sendfile on;
tcp_nopush on;
keepalive_timeout 60;
tcp_nodelay on;
fastcgi_connect_timeout 300;
fastcgi_send_timeout 300;
fastcgi_read_timeout 300;
fastcgi_buffer_size 64k;
fastcgi_buffers 4 64k;
fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 128k;
fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 256k;
fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
gzip on;
gzip_min_length 1k;
gzip_buffers 4 16k;
gzip_http_version 1.1;
gzip_comp_level 2;
gzip_types text/plain application/javascript application/x-javascript text/javascript text/css application/xml;
gzip_vary on;
gzip_proxied expired no-cache no-store private auth;
gzip_disable "MSIE [1-6]\.";
limit_conn_zone $binary_remote_addr zone=perip:10m;
limit_conn_zone $server_name zone=perserver:10m;
server_tokens off;
access_log off;
include /www/server/panel/vhost/nginx/*.conf;
}

注意:以上为Nginx主配置文件参考,这里假设已安装相关的模块。日志目录为/www/wwwlogs/,Nginx安装目录/www/server/nginx/,站点信息配置文件目录为/www/server/panel/vhost/nginx/。

站点配置文件

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server
{
listen 80;
listen 443 ssl http2;
server_name 7bu.top www.7bu.top;
index index.php index.html index.htm default.php default.htm default.html;
root /www/wwwroot/7bu.top/public;
if ($server_port !~ 443){
rewrite ^(/.*)$ https://$host$1 permanent;
}
ssl_certificate /www/server/panel/vhost/cert/7bu.top/fullchain.pem;
ssl_certificate_key /www/server/panel/vhost/cert/7bu.top/privkey.pem;
ssl_protocols TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2 TLSv1.3;
ssl_ciphers ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5:!RC4:!DHE;
ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:10m;
ssl_session_timeout 10m;
error_page 497 https://$host$request_uri;
if ($host ~ '^www.7bu.top'){
return 301 http://7bu.top$request_uri;
}
include /www/server/panel/vhost/open_basedir/nginx/7bu.top.conf;
include enable-php-73.conf;
include /www/server/panel/vhost/rewrite/7bu.top.conf;
location ~ ^/(\.user.ini|\.htaccess|\.git|\.svn|\.project|LICENSE|README.md)
{
return 404;
}
location ~ \.well-known{
allow all;
}
location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf)$
{
expires 30d;
error_log off;
access_log /dev/null;
}
location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$
{
expires 12h;
error_log off;
access_log /dev/null;
}
access_log /www/wwwlogs/7bu.top.log;
error_log /www/wwwlogs/7bu.top.error.log;
}

注意:以去不图床的配置文件为例,可自定义项分别是:监听端口、站点域名、网站目录、端口转发、证书信息、强制跳转、地址重写、文件缓存、文件屏蔽等等。

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